Solar Design & Drafting


» Overview of Power Sector for various Industries .
» Internal departmental coordination reference documentation.
» Solar Power Code & Standards.
» Introduction to Renewable, Non Renewable & Sustainable Energies
» Fundamentals of solar energy and solar power generation Technology
» Role & Responsibilities of Solar Engineer in power Domain.
» Use of International Standard for Design Basis, Std    Practices/Procedure & specification.
» Understanding client requirement & specific Inputs for project.
» Knowing various phase of Project Execution.
» Fundamental of ON Grid / Off Grid.
» Introduction of  Solar system.
» Solar Radiation & Shadow Analysis  
» PV Cells Selection & Sizing
» Solar power Plant Balance of System
» Concept of Netmetering.
» Inverters Selection & Sizing (Grid Connection)
» Cable System & Its Limitation.
» Battery & Charger System
» Energy Efficiency & Calculation
» Losses in GC PV systems
» System Yield and Performance
» System Protection & Electrical Safety
» Site Survey & Assessment
» System Commissioning  techniques.
» System Installation techniques.
» Maintenance and troubleshooting
» Cost Estimating of Industrial solar power plant
» Preparation of Drawings & Documents.
» Solar Power Plant Layout.

Module: 1

Introduction to Renewable, Non Renewable & Sustainable Energies
•    Types of Energy & their Advantages.
•    Global Scenario for Renewable energy
•    Comparison between Solar Power, Wind Power & Hydro Power concepts.

Fundamental of Solar Energy & Solar Power Generation Technology
•  Planning and Project Management of Solar Power Systems.
•    Feasibility Condition for Establishment of solar power plant.

Solar Radiation & Shadow Analysis  
•    Irradiation and Peak Sun Hours
•    Solar Radiation Data
•    Sunpath Diagram
•    Defining the Position of the Sun
•    Solar Altitude
•    Geometric Effects
•    Tilting limitation of Solar Modules
•    Magnetic North & True North

Selection & Sizing of PV Cells
•    Introduction to Solar Photovoltaic Cell
•    Solar Photovoltaics and Solar thermal System
•    Working of solar cell
•    Characteristics of a Solar Cell
•    Power Characteristics of a Solar Cell
•    PV – Vmpp & Impp Characteristics & Shadow Analysis
•    Data Sheet of PV Module.
•    Fill factor and Equivalent Solar cell Circuit
•    STC and NOCT
•    Factors Which Affect the Performance of Solar Cells
•    Types of Solar Cells
•    Manufacture of Silicon Solar Cells
•    Commercial Modules
•    Electrical Protection
•    Module Reliability
    
Solar Power Plant Balance of System
•    Introduction BOP
•    Study on Balance of Plant (BOP) like inverter, charge controller and batteries, Cable & their descriptions.
•    Array String Protection and Disconnect Switches
•    Lightning Protection
•    Array Junction Box
•    PV Main Disconnection Devices
•    Net Metering of solar Plant
•    System Monitoring: Local and/or Web Based Display

Selection & Sizing of Solar Inverters
•    Purpose of inverters
•    Grid-Connected Inverters vs. Stand-Alone Inverters
•    ON Grid Vs Off Grid
•    Types of Grid-Connected inverters
•    Standalone system & grid-tied system similarities and variations in installation.
•    Isolated Inverters
•    Types of Inverters – PV to Inverter Interface
•    Central / String Inverter Design
•    Inverter Protection Systems
•    Power Quality
•    Monitoring
•    Inverter Efficiency
•    How DC is Converted to AC

Cable System Design
•    Introduction to Cable System.
•    Types of Cable.
•    Determining the Size of the DC and AC Cables.
•    Cable Selection & Sizing for single phase & three phase.
•    Cable selection based on current rating of feeder.
•    Base current Ratings of feeder
•    Voltage Drop of cable
•    Maximum permissible voltage Drop.
•    Cable Impedance
•    Short circuit temperature rise calculation

Battery & Charger System
•    Introduction to Battery and charger System
•    Types of Storage batteries & technical explanation
•    Selection and sizing of storage batteries.
•    Connection of batteries
•    Battery charging and discharging operation

Connection of PV Module
•    Series Circuits
•    Parallel Circuits
•    Combining Series & Parallel Circuits
•    Understanding Cell Connection
•    PV Array

 Module Mounting Systems
•    Fundamental of Mounting Structure.
•    Rooftop mounted versus ground mounted models, and applications.
•    Calculating the Wind Loading of the Solar Array
•    PV Array Row Spacing
•    Roof Mounted Systems
•    Ground Mounted Systems

Energy Efficiency & Calculation
•    Introduction to solar energy Conversion
•    Energy Efficiency Measures
•    Overview of Passive Solar Design Principles

Losses in GC PV Systems
•    Losses in a Grid-Connected PV System
•    Determine the Loss for DC/AC System

System yield & Performance
•    What Determines the Energy Yield of a System
•    Calculating the Energy Yield for a PV Grid-Connected System
•    Sankey Diagram .
•    Specific Yield
•    Performance Ratio
•    CUF Calculation

Electrical Design & Load Analysis
•  Electrical fundamentals, circuit theory, power flow concepts and voltage drop effects.
•  Creating single line diagram (SLD).
•  Solar panel details, standards and selection of solar panels for SPV power systems.
•    SPV, CSPV, and CSP technology, differences in installation and concepts.
•  Solar panel junction boxes & wiring technique.
•    Low voltage switchgears(MCB,MCCB,RCB,RCCB,ELCB,MPCB)-IS4648
•    Voltage drop consideration in locating the low/high voltages
•    Voltage drop calculation.
•    Industrial Load Calculation
•    Plant load Estimation
•    Different types of solar panel
•    Components in Solar Panel

System Protection & Electrical Safety
•    Determining the Protection Equipment – IS2309,NFC72-102
•    PV Array Maximum Voltage
•    Circuit Protection: Over-Current
•    Disconnection Devices
•    Earthing system- BS7430,IS3043
•    Connecting the System to the Grid
•    Electrical safety & grounding system, OSHA requirements.
•    Safety precaution to be taken care during installation.

 Site Survey & Assessment
•    Undertaking a Site Assessment
•    Choosing a PV Module
•    Choosing an Inverter
•    Choosing a Mounting System Type
•    Determining the Maximum Number of Modules That Can Fit on a Roof
•    Site inspection, verification and assessment for installation fitness.

System Commissioning Techniques
•    Plant Commissioning
•    System Documentation
•    System Installation & Pre-Commissioning Checklist
•    Commissioning Test Sheets

System Installation Techniques
•    Introduction to Installation Standards
•    Installation methods, orientation and angle counts to follow.
•    Care of solar angle, geographic location and inclination angle and slope for installation.
•    Installation Preparation
•    Equipment Selection
•    Equipment Installation
•    Monitoring Equipment

 Maintenance & Troubleshooting
•    System Maintenance
•    Trouble Shooting

Cost Estimating of Industrial Solar Power Plant
•    Simple Payback
•    Life Cycle Costing
•    Classes of Estimates
•    Cost Estimation of solar power Plant
•    Determining Costs Associated with the Whole PV System
•    Valuing a PV System
•    BOM/BOQ Preparation.

Module: 2

Solar Power Plant Layouts/ Drawings
•    Electrical wiring system
•    Equipment grounding
•    Cable Trays & Routing Diagram
•    Trench Layout.
•    Hook up to BOP.
•    Rooftop, Ground PV Layouts
•    Solar power plant Design
•    SLD for Rooftop System
•    SLD for Ground Mount System.

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