Piping Design & Drafting


»Overview of EPC Sector for various Industries .
»Introduction to Process Plant Engineering.
»Internal departmental coordination reference documentation.
»Relevant Code & Standards for Piping Engineering.
»Use of International Standard for Design Basis, Std Practices/Procedure & specification.
»Introduction to Oil & Gas Industry for Onshore & Offshore Petroleum.
»Understanding client requirement & specific Inputs for project.
»Knowing various phase of Project Execution.
»Preparation of Drawings & Documents.
»Mechanical Symbols & Abbreviation.
»Piping & Instrumentation diagram(P&ID)
»Process flow diagram(PFD)
»Piping Material Specification(PMS) & Pipe Class.
»Piping Technical Specification & Equipment Data Sheet.
»Fundamental of  Piping system.
»Fundamental of Piping Design & Piping layouts.
»Fundamentals of Pipes  & Pipe fittings(Elbow, Tee, Expender, Reducer, Union, End Cap Etc).
»Piping System & Components(Flanges, Anchors, Sleepers, Guides Etc).
»Equipments used in Process  Plants (Reactors, Exchangers, Vessel,  Tower, Furnace, Columns, Pump, Storage tank).
»Piping Spool & Pipe Supports.
»Selection & Sizing of Mechanical Valves.
»Piping Design for Pressure Processing System.
»Pipe Hydraulic System.
»Pipe Pneumatic System.
»Pipe Insulation& Heat Tracing.
»Piping Isometric Drawings.
»Key Plan & Unit Plan.
»Plot Plans and Process Piping Layouts.
»Piping GA Drawings
»Piping Protection & Safety Consideration.
»Testing, Troubleshooting & Maintenance of Mechanical Equipments.
»Role & Responsibilities of Piping Engineer in various Domains

Module : 1

INTRODUCTION TO PLANT ENGINEERING

•    Organization EPC Structures & hierarchy .
•    Over view of an Engineering Organization.
•    Plant Engineering function.
•    Basics of Engineering, procurement & construction Field.
•    Overview of EPC Industry & Scope.
•    Design Methodology of EPC  Industry.
•    PMC model.
•    Overview of Basic Engineering Packages.
•    Basic Design Requirement Based on Petro-chemical, Oil & Gas, Refineries, Pharmaceutical, Power Plant, Steel Plant, Cement Plant etc.
•    Piping Codes & Standards – API,ASME Etc .
•    Environmental & design considerations.
•    Role & Responsibility of Piping Engineer in Various Industry.
•    Detail of various process condition by client side & their documents.
•    Role & Responsibility of Piping Engineer
•    Piping Job Prospects.

FUNDAMENTAL OF PIPING DESIGN
•  Introduction to Process Plants.
•    Plant Piping System  & Transportation Pipelines.
•  Piping Procedures and workflow
•  Unit operations and Unit processes.
•    Process Flow Diagram-PFD
•  Piping & Instrument Diagrams (P&IDs)
•    Review of PDS
•    Line Designation table
•    Introduction of Piping System & their limitation.
•    Introduction of P&ID ,PDS & PMS.
•    Introduction of key Piping equipments used in projects.

FUNDAMENTALS OF PIPES  
•  Definition & Application of Pipe.
•    Difference Between Pipes & Tube.
•    Pipe Designators-NPS, IPS, NB, Pipe Wall Thickness & Schedule , Pipe Weight, Length, Grades, Ends, Joining Methods, Method of Manufacture, Pipe Rating & Pipe Symbols.
•    ASTM Specification of Pipes.
•    Piping restraints.
•    Pipe dimensions and pipe representation .  

ASME/API CODES & STANDARDS
• Introduction to B31.3 process piping codes
• ASME standards for Common Piping Elements.
• Piping specifications
• Material selection

PIPING MATERIAL SPECIFICATION(PMS) & PIPE CLASS
• Material properties
• Classification of materials
• Material specifications (ASTM)
• Common piping materials
• Piping specifications
• Material selection
•    P-T rating
• Material testing, inspection and QA

PIPE FITTING ASME STANDARD,SYMBOLS,SELECTION  & APPLICATION
•    Types of Pipe Fitting
•    Fitting dimensions and tables
•    Elbows
•    Pipe Bends
•    Branch Connections
•    Fabricated Branch Connections
•    Branch Reinforcement
•    Pipe joining methods
•    Reducers ,Expenders Offset Calculations.
•    Elbows
•    Tees
•    Weld Cap & Plugs.
•    Stub End & Their Types.
•    Types of Couplings
•    Types of Swages & their Applications.
•    Class of Screwed & Sockets types.

PIPE FLANGES ASME STANDARD,SYMBOLS,SELECTION  & APPLICATION
•  Basics of flanges & Their Requirements
•    Flange ratings and flange types
•  Flange data tables and their sizes.
•    Flange Facing & Flange Face Finish types.
•    Weld Neck, Slip On, Threaded, Socket Weld, Lap-Joints, Reducing, Blind & Orifice Flanges.
•    Gasket types & Thickness.
•    Bolts & Nuts Types.

PIPE SUPPORTS ASME STANDARD,SYMBOLS,SELECTION  & APPLICATION
•    Classification of Support
•    Field/ Base Support.
•    Flexible/ Spring /Pick up Supports.
•    Control Valve Manifold Support.
•    Pipe Rack and Their Types.
•    Pipe Shoe, Shoe Guides.
•    Anchors, Pipe Guides, Limit Stops, Pipe Shoe ,Sleepers.
•    Dummy Leg/Trunion
•    Rigid Hangers, Rods & Clevis, Trapeze
•    Flexible Hangers, Variable & Constant Types
•    Pipe Rack Design with Height & Width Calculation
•    Piping Arrangements.  

PIPING SPOOLS.
•    Types of Spool & their uses.
•     Guidelines to Prepare Spool Drawings.
•     Guidelines for dimensioning spools.
•     Print Reading Exercises.
•     Exercises on Creation of Piping Spool from Piping Isometrics.
•     MTO (Material Take Off): Types, Applications.

MECHANICAL VALVES
•    Basics of Valves.
•    Types of Valves
•    Operation & Function of Valves
•    Control Valve Manifold
•    Valves Trim, Defects & Operators.
•    Valves Selection
•    Valve Data Sheet

PIPING OF HYDRAULICS & SIZING
•   Flow rate, pipe sizing calculations.
•    Typical Velocities for water Piping
•   Reynolds number- laminar/turbulent flow
•   Darcy weisbach ,Hazen William ,Colebrook White Equation
•    Moody Diagram.
•    Minor Losses in Pipe Fitting & their Calculation using Nomographs and Chart.
•   Pressure drop calculations, NPSH calculations
•    Friction Factor.
•    Required Pressure & Horse Power.

PIPING DESIGN FOR PRESSURE PROCESSING SYSTEM.
•    Scope of ASME B31.3, B31.4 & B31.8
•    Max Design Pressure(MDP) For Piping System.
•    Branch Reinforcement- Reinforcement Pad Calculation
•    Pipeline wall thickness Calculation-B31.4/B31.8
•    MAOP- Maximum Allowable operating Pressure for Pipelines.
•    Pressure Design for Miter Bends

EQUIPMENTS USED IN PROCESS PLANTS
•   Process equipment [Reactors, Towers, Exchangers, Furnaces, Vessels, Columns.
•   Mechanical equipment [Pumps, Compressors, Storage tanks]
•   Equipment foundations and supports
•   Equipment sketches
•   Equipment drawings
•       Equipment Vendor Data
•    Equipment lists
•   Typical equipment specifications
•    Equipment Layout Terminology
•   Equipment nozzle specifications
•    Nozzle Orientation & Scheduling
•   Equipment foundation drawings
 
PIPE INSULATION& HEAT TRACING
•    Introduction of Insulation
•    Introduction of Heat Tracing
•    Preparing an Insulation Specification
•    Data Required for Making an Insulation Specification

PLOT PLANS AND PLANT LAYOUT
•    Codes and safety considerations.
•    Control Point & Battery Limit.
•     Piping line lists.
•    Drum Piping, Pump Piping.
•    Column Piping.
•    Jacket Piping.
•    Line tracing: Types (Electric/steam).
•   Compressor Piping, Heat Exchanger Piping.

Module : 2

PIPING DRAWINGS & LAYOUTS
•  Plant layout specifications.
•    Plot Plan Development.
•  Equipment arrangement drawings.
•  Preparation of Piping drawings for field instruments & valves etc.
•  Piping Rack & Spacing, Drawing pipe in the rack etc.
•    Piping G A Drawing
•  Tank & Vessel Layout Consideration.
•   Pipe Isometrics Drawings

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